It can be helpful to determine the fastest achievable transfer speed based on bandwidth throughput when determining potential transfer speed. Signiant recommends using iPerf to test the maximum bandwidth and speed achievable between a source and a destination by sending packets over a network.
This test should be performed between the source and destination using ports required for data transfer, either prior to server installation, or by stopping Signiant services on both servers to conduct the test.
Stop your Signiant services by running
siginit stop at the command line.
Note: If your services cannot be stopped, tests can be performed using ports other than those used for file transfer. Configure your firewall as required.
Download iPerf for your operating system on both the transfer source and destination.
The destination, typically an SDCX server, can be configured to receive packets via iPerf to determine if firewall rules are correctly configured and the maximum achievable transfer speed and bandwidth.
To prepare the server for the test:
iperf3 -s -p <port>
Once the server is running on port 49321 (Media Shuttle) or port 50221 (Jet), it is ready to receive packets from the source.
-ssets the application to run as a server that will receive packets
-p <port>sets the port number to listen on for packets
Once a destination server is running, iPerf can be used on the source machine to test transfer speed and bandwidth between a Media Shuttle user and an SDCX server, or between two SDCX servers.
To test connection speeds using iPerf:
iperf3 -c <destination> -u -p <port> -t <duration> -i 2 -b <bandwidth>
-c- sets iPerf to run as a client
<destination>- sets the destination server IP
-u- sets the transfer protocol to UDP
-p <port>- sets the destination port (49321 or 50221)
-t <duration>- sets the test duration
-i 2- sets the interval in seconds between bandwidth reports (2 seconds)
-b <bandwidth>- sets the bandwidth allocated to the test
iperf3 -c 203.0.113.4 -u -p 49221 -t 60 -i 2 -b 100M
You can also use the
-n option to set a specific total transfer size instead of a transfer time:
iperf3 -c 203.0.113.4 -u -p 49221 -n 2056M -i 2 -b 100M
Transfers with 100% packet loss typically indicates that the source or destination firewall is not configured correctly, or the servers are not able to connect to each other via the network. Ensure that your firewall is configured correctly and that both machines are connected to the network.
Transfers that fail to transfer a small percentage of packets can indicate that the bandwidth allocated exceeds network capacity. Lowering the bandwidth typically reduces the number of lost packets, helping to determine your optimal transfer speed.
Note: Signiant transfers account for partial packet loss and, within the 1-3% range, throttle the transfer speed to ensure transfer success.
In addition to the network environment, transfer rates to file systems are constrained by the destination server's disk access speed. This impacts large data sets of small files because each file is written to disk when transferred.
Other factors that may impact the transfer rates for data sets comprised of small files include the application of access-control lists (ACLs), the number of tasks vying for disk space, and the number of errors generated and logged.
Note: A caching disk controller on the destination server will not increase the transfer speed.
To calculate the potential transfer rate:
(total data size x 1024 x 1024)/(number of files in the transfer)
(1000/((disk's average seek time + disk's average rotational latency) x 2)
(calculated average file size) x (calculated maximum file size)
Average file size in bytes: (4000 x 1024 x 1024) / (55 000 000) = 76
Maximum files written per second: 1000 / ((9+1) x 2)) = 50
Maximum theoretical transfer rate in bytes per second: 76 x 50 = 3800